http://correlatedmagnetics.com/ Thu, 16 Sep 2021 21:27:31 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 How to make a magnetite in Minecraft http://correlatedmagnetics.com/how-to-make-a-magnetite-in-minecraft/ Tue, 14 Sep 2021 18:45:00 +0000 http://correlatedmagnetics.com/how-to-make-a-magnetite-in-minecraft/

It is very easy to get lost in Minecraft. There are three dimensions full of dense biomes to explore, plenty of dangerous monsters to dodge (or kill, if you prefer), and hundreds of ways to die.

Related: Minecraft: How To Create A Nether Portal

With the Nether update, we’ve received some gifted magnetites. This simple block will keep you from getting lost, but it does require some rare materials to craft. In this guide we will go over how to make and use a magnet stone.

What is a magnetite?

magnetite in grassy area

A magnet stone is a block that changes the direction of a compass. Made with four iron bars and a redstone dust, usually compasses direct you to your spawn location. Unfortunately, this is not always useful. If you are building your base around the time of spawn, you can use a compass to navigate your way home, but if you have explored the world and built your base elsewhere, that won’t be helpful. This is where a magnet stone comes in handy.

How to make magnetite

craft board for a magnetite

To craft a Magnet Stone, you will need the following materials.

  • 8 chiseled stone bricks
  • 1 ingot of Netherite

Chiseled stone bricks can be made by by combining two slabs of stone bricks on a craft table or using stone bricks at a stonemason. Overall, they should be fairly straightforward to obtain. Netherite Ingots are a bit more difficult to obtain, so let’s take a quick look at this material.

Netherite Ingot

scrap gold and netherite combined to form a netherite ingot

Netherite is the strongest material in the game, and can can only be found in the Nether. To craft a netherite ingot you will need four pieces of netherite and four gold bars. Netherite waste is produced by melting ancient debris, which is the ore you find in the Nether.

Use a magnet stone

magnet compass in player secondary equipment slot

Once you’ve crafted a magnetite, place it in the world. You will want the magnet to be important somewhere. It could be an interesting place in the world you want to return to or your base.

With the magnet placed, interact with it while holding a compass. This will turn the compass into a magnet stone compass. Now it should point to where the Magnet Stone is. If you break the magnet, your compass will go round in circles and cannot be used anymore.

Normal compasses don’t work in End or Nether, but magnetite compasses do. Magnetites can be placed in all three dimensions, help you navigate the world.

That’s all there is to know about magnetites! After activating your first magnetic stone to associate with a compass, you will get the Country Lode, take me home advancement.

Next: Minecraft: How To Use A Respawn Anchor


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Niantic confirms Pokemon Heracross has been removed from the wild

Currently, you can only capture the Pokemon Heracross during raids.

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Iron Man just gave Wolverine his original comic book weakness http://correlatedmagnetics.com/iron-man-just-gave-wolverine-his-original-comic-book-weakness/ Sun, 12 Sep 2021 15:48:00 +0000 http://correlatedmagnetics.com/iron-man-just-gave-wolverine-his-original-comic-book-weakness/

Iron Man saves Wolverine from certain death, but in the process he unfortunately gives his crippling weakness at the start of the comics to his fellow Avenger.

Warning: Contains spoilers for Avengers: Tech-On # 2!

by marvel Iron Man just inadvertently gave Wolverine his old comic book weakness after saving him from certain death. The Armored Avenger has a long and rich history in the comics and has frequently addressed its weaknesses by periodically upgrading its costume. But in Tech-On Avengers # 2, written by Jim Zub with illustrations by Jeffrey “Chamba” Cruz and letters from Travis Lanham of VC, Tony Stark saves Logan’s life at the cost of imprisoning him in high-tech armor.

In Avengers: Tech-On, the Avengers defeated Thanos and destroyed the Infinity Stones, but the Stones pieces were reused by the Red Skull. Calling the collected remains “Infinity Mirror Shards”, the Red Skull removes the powers of all the Avengers and all the superpowers of everyone on Earth. While some Avengers simply lose their strength or speed, Wolverine loses his healing factor and immediately collapses from acute adamantium poisoning. His metal skeleton is now killing him from the inside out – but Iron Man has a solution in the form of advanced suits for his entire team.


Related: It Only Took Marvel 8 Years To Kill Wolverine Again

High-tech 3D printed suits recreate or replace the powers of each Avenger: Captain Marvel’s suit can fly and shoot energy beams, Captain America’s suit comes equipped with a new shield (to replace the destroyed one with The Red Skull) and Spider -The Man Has Multiple Arms (mimicking the Iron Spider costume popularized in Avengers: Infinity War). But Wolverine’s costume is somehow able to recreate his healing powers: “Tony’s Crazy Pewter can plan stabilized by the Healing Factor, so I’m back in the fight.” Wolverine says as he puts the new costume to good use. Of course, this means that outside the costume, Wolverine loses his ability to heal once again.

Wolverine is therefore entirely dependent on the suit for survival – much like Iron Man’s first appearance in Tales of Suspense # 39. Written by Stan Lee with illustrations by Don Heck and Steve Ditko, Tony Stark’s first costume was incredibly bulky but necessary to contain the electromagnet that kept shrapnel from reaching his heart. Tony was forced to constantly wear the large suit breastplate under his clothes – if it was ever removed or the armor lost its strength, he could die. In that regard, Wolverine also seems locked in wearing the armor – at least until Tony and his fellow Avengers find a way to reverse Red Skull’s Infinity Stone-fueled actions.

As one of the most popular X-Men, Wolverine doesn’t die (or rather to stay death) easily. Logan’s healing factor allows him to take a tremendous amount of punishment that would easily kill any other human. Removing this healing factor allows Wolverine be vulnerable; making him dependent on Iron man the armor can even allow the two characters to bond in a new way during the remaining numbers of Avengers: Tech-On.

Next: Wolverine Writer Explains The Difference Marvel Used To Beat DC

Shang Chi Legend of the Ten Rings Vs Comics

Shang-Chi 2 will never be able to adapt its most important comic story



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Iron Man’s Dark Ages costume is weaker, stranger, and more dangerous than ever http://correlatedmagnetics.com/iron-mans-dark-ages-costume-is-weaker-stranger-and-more-dangerous-than-ever/ Sat, 04 Sep 2021 02:30:00 +0000 http://correlatedmagnetics.com/iron-mans-dark-ages-costume-is-weaker-stranger-and-more-dangerous-than-ever/

Marvel’s Dark Ages just gave Tony Stark a whole new low-tech suit, but there’s no doubt that steampunk Iron Man armor is a recipe for disaster.

WARNING: The following contains major spoilers for Dark Ages # 1, available now from Marvel.

Tony Stark has never been one to hold back with his elaborate inventions, especially not when they come in the form of new armor. Whether it’s something for Iron Man, War Machine, or anyone else, Tony Stark is always ready to organize any occasion. And although the lights have gone out for good in the Marvel Universe of Dark times, Tony managed to build a suit capable of making his way through the Dark times.

After The Unmaker’s old threat resurfaced and threatened to destroy the world from within, Doctor Strange led a select team of heroes to deal with the threat. While they were able to defeat the Unmaker by unleashing the power of a reality where electricity could not work, it led to this same electromagnetic pulse emanating from all over the planet. Within moments all the machines stopped working, including the ones in the Iron Man costume. At that time, Tony Stark was flying over New York, the aftermath of the explosion ripped his leg off by a crashing plane that he blindly collided with. Although this is a far cry from the end of the story as well as Tony Stark’s role in it, although the situation forced him to become a different kind of Iron Man.


RELATED: Dark Ages: How Marvel’s Next Epic Left The Avengers In The Dark

As revealed at the end of Dark times # 1 by Tom Taylor, Iban Coello, Brian Reber and Joe Sabino of VC, the former Avenger miraculously survived his injuries. Not only that, but he even managed to craft a working Iron Man suit without any cutting edge technology at his disposal. This new armor has already been glimpsed, although how it works remains to be seen. One can only assume that this combination is a combination of steam power and rocket propulsion, since anything that looks remotely like an arc reactor is excluded. As impressive as it may be, it has disturbing implications.

Aside from the fact that Tony wears either a giant boiler, an engine, or both, the armor itself could only have been made from anything Tony could put together by hand. Without the means to do something as simple as plating one of its armor, it would have to be constructed from steel, iron, or brass. It all adds up to some extremely heavy and incredibly fragile Iron Man armor that is at best a slightly better version of his very first suit and at worst, a flying time bomb. And, to top it off, there’s not even a hope that this is all part of a bigger effort to turn the world around, as Tony is now working alongside a particularly ominous Apocalypse.

RELATED: Marvel’s Dark Ages reveals the true colors of the X-Men apocalypse

Steampunk and Iron Man aren’t two diametrically opposed concepts, but they work much better together in theory than in practice. Considering the state of affairs in Dark times, it’s understandable that Tony Stark will do his best with what little is available to maintain his own killer advantage on this Endless Night. Then again, the obvious risks of donning this armor would involve a level of desperation the Ironclad Avenger would not have seen in some time. At the very least, it gives readers one more reason to look forward to following the events of this latest darker alternate version of the Marvel Universe.

KEEP READING: Dark Ages Reveals Marvel’s Most Powerful Hidden Villain

Did the Suicide Squad kill the Justice League atom?


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Scientists discover new crystal that exhibits exotic form of magnetism http://correlatedmagnetics.com/scientists-discover-new-crystal-that-exhibits-exotic-form-of-magnetism/ Tue, 31 Aug 2021 12:28:46 +0000 http://correlatedmagnetics.com/scientists-discover-new-crystal-that-exhibits-exotic-form-of-magnetism/

It’s not your grandmother’s fridge magnet.

An exotic form of magnetism has been discovered and linked to an equally exotic type of electrons, according to scientists who analyzed a new crystal in which they appear at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Magnetism is created and protected by the crystal’s unique electronic structure, providing a mechanism that could be exploited for fast and robust information storage devices.

The newly invented material has an unusual structure that conducts electricity but causes the flowing electrons to behave like massless particles, the magnetism of which is related to the direction of their movement. In other materials, such as Weyl electrons

have given rise to new behaviors related to electrical conductivity. In this case, however, the electrons promote the spontaneous formation of a magnetic spiral.

“Our research shows a rare example of these particles causing collective magnetism,” said Collin Broholm, a physicist at Johns Hopkins University who led experimental work at the NIST Center for Neutron Research (NCNR). “Our experiment illustrates a unique form of magnetism that can originate from Weyl electrons.”

The conclusions, which appear in Natural materials, reveal a complex relationship between the material, the electrons which pass through it in the form of current and the magnetism exhibited by the material.

Semi-metal crystal

This “semi-metal” crystal is made up of repeating unit cells such as the one on the left, which has a square top and rectangular sides. The spheres represent atoms of silicon (purple), aluminum (turquoise) and, in gold, neodymium (Nd), the latter of which are magnetic. Understanding the special magnetic properties of the material requires nine of these unit cells, represented by the larger block on the right (which has a single unit cell framed in red). This 3 × 3 block shows green “Weyl” electrons moving diagonally across the tops of cells and affecting the orientation of the magnetic spin of Nd atoms. A special property of the Weyl electron is the locking of its spin direction, which is either parallel or antiparallel to the direction of its motion, as represented by the small arrows in Weyl electrons. As these electrons move along the four Nd gold atoms, the Nd spins reorient themselves into a “spin spiral” which can be imagined as successively pointing in the 12 o’clock direction (closest to the viewer with the red arrow pointing up), 4 o’clock clock (blue arrow), 8 o’clock (also in blue) and another 12 o’clock (furthest from viewer and again in red). Lines of Nd atoms extend through many layers of the crystal, providing many examples of this unusual magnetic pattern. Credit: N. Hanacek / NIST

In a refrigerator magnet, we sometimes imagine each of its iron atoms as being pierced with a bar magnet with its “north” pole pointing in a certain direction. This image refers to the spin orientations of atoms, which line up in parallel. The material studied by the team is different. It is a “semi-metal” composed of silicon and the metals aluminum and neodymium. Together, these three elements form a crystal, which implies that its component atoms are arranged in a regular repeating pattern. However, it is a crystal that breaks inversion symmetry, meaning that the repeating pattern is different on one side of the unit cells of a crystal – the smallest building block in a crystal lattice – from the other. This arrangement stabilizes the electrons flowing through the crystal, which in turn causes unusual behavior in its magnetism.

The stability of electrons is manifested by uniformity in the direction of their spins. In most electrically conductive materials, such as copper wire, the electrons passing through the wire have spins that point in random directions. This is not the case in the semi-metal, whose broken symmetry transforms the flowing electrons into Weyl electrons whose spins are oriented either in the direction of movement of the electron, or in the exact opposite direction. . It is this locking of the spins of the Weyl electrons in their direction of motion – their momentum – that causes the rare magnetic behavior of the semi-metal.

“Our experiment illustrates a unique form of magnetism that can originate from Weyl electrons.” – Collin Broholm, physicist at Johns Hopkins University

The three types of atoms in the material all conduct electricity, providing stepping stones for electrons as they jump from atom to the atom. However, only neodymium (Nd) atoms exhibit magnetism. They are sensitive to the influence of Weyl electrons, which curiously push the spins of the Nd atom. Look along any row of Nd atoms that runs diagonally across the semi-metal, and you’ll see what the research team calls a “spinning spiral.”

“A simplified way to imagine it is for the first Nd atom to point at 12 o’clock, then the next at 4 o’clock, then the third at 8 o’clock,” Broholm said. “Then the pattern repeats. This beautiful spin “texture” is driven by Weyl electrons when they visit neighboring Nd atoms. “

It took a collaboration between many groups within the Institute for Quantum Matter at Johns Hopkins University to reveal the special magnetism appearing in the crystal. It included groups working on crystal synthesis, sophisticated numerical calculations, and neutron scattering experiments.

“For neutron scattering, we have benefited greatly from the large amount of neutron diffraction beam time available to us at the NIST Center for Neutron Research,” said Jonathan Gaudet, one of the co-authors of the article. . “Without the beam time, we would have missed out on this great physical news.”

Each loop of the spinning spiral is approximately 150 nanometers long, and the spirals only appear at cold temperatures below 7 K. Broholm said that there are materials with similar physical properties that work at room temperature. , and that they could be exploited to create effective magnetic properties. memory devices.

“Magnetic memory technology like hard drives generally requires you to create a magnetic field for them to work,” he said. “With this class of materials, you can store information without needing to apply or sense a magnetic field. Reading and writing information electrically is faster and more robust.

Understanding the effects Weyl electrons cause could also shed light on other materials that have left physicists in consternation.

“Basically, we might be able to create a variety of materials that have different internal rotational characteristics – and maybe we already have it,” Broholm said. “As a community, we have created a lot of magnetic structures that we don’t immediately understand. After seeing the special character of Weyl-mediated magnetism, we may finally be able to understand and use such exotic magnetic structures. ”

Reference: “Weyl-mediated helic magnetism in NdAlSi” by Jonathan Gaudet, Hung-Yu Yang, Santu Baidya, Baozhu Lu, Guangyong Xu, Yang Zhao, Jose A. Rodriguez-Rivera, Christina M. Hoffmann, David E. Graf, Darius H. Torchinsky, Predrag Nikolić, David Vanderbilt, Fazel Tafti and Collin L. Broholm, August 19, 2021, Natural materials.
DOI: 10.1038 / s41563-021-01062-8

The study data was obtained in part with the Multi-Axis Crystal Spectrometer (MACS), which is part of the Center for High Resolution Neutron Scattering (CHRNS), a national user facility jointly funded by the NCNR and the National Science Foundation (NSF).


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Master of Magnetism: Vintage-Inspired Eberhard & Co. Scientigraf Launches at Couture 2021 | Viewing time http://correlatedmagnetics.com/master-of-magnetism-vintage-inspired-eberhard-co-scientigraf-launches-at-couture-2021-viewing-time/ Thu, 26 Aug 2021 18:34:09 +0000 http://correlatedmagnetics.com/master-of-magnetism-vintage-inspired-eberhard-co-scientigraf-launches-at-couture-2021-viewing-time/

Eberhard & Co. is part of the coterie of luxury watch brands that took the opportunity to unveil new watches at one of the few major in-person events of 2021, the annual Couture watch and jewelry show at Wynn in Las Vegas. Headlining the venerable Switzerland House latest offerings is a modern revival of the Scientist, a 1961 model, presented in contemporary advertisements as “an antimagnetic watch for the scientist”, which was among the first watches to seriously tackle the problem of magnetic fields and their damaging effects on watch movements .

The steel case of the watch, its surfaces accommodating an array of brushed and polished finishes, measures 41mm in diameter and withstands water pressures of up to 100 meters. Inside the case, protected by an anti-magnetic soft iron inner cage as in the original 1961 watch, is the self-winding Sellita SW 300-1 caliber. with a 38-hour power reserve and a frequency of 28,800 vibrations per hour. The matte black curved dial is very faithful in design to that of its 1961 ancestor, with triangular hour markers and a distinctive triangular-tipped hour hand contrasting with the stick-shaped minute hand. Two versions of the dial are available, one with a “vintage” colored lume on the hands and indexes, the other with an orange tinted lume.

The domed sapphire crystal on the dial is anti-reflective and the screw-down crown is marked with an Eberhard “E”. The solid caseback bears the same custom “magnetic resistance tested” emblem that distinguished the vintage model, with an “E” surrounded by magnetic bolts. The watch is offered either on a steel strap, with the choice of a folding clasp or two buttons, or on a water-resistant black leather strap, with a cordura insert or orange stitching, depending on the luminous color of the watch. dial. The Scientigraf is priced at $ 2,800 on the bracelet and $ 3,300 on the bracelet.


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Cartier Iron announces the launch of 10,000 meters of diamonds http://correlatedmagnetics.com/cartier-iron-announces-the-launch-of-10000-meters-of-diamonds/ Wed, 25 Aug 2021 13:02:42 +0000 http://correlatedmagnetics.com/cartier-iron-announces-the-launch-of-10000-meters-of-diamonds/
  • CSAMT survey underway in the central anomaly and Big Easy showing area to define additional targets for drilling along strike and at depth
  • Cartier Iron completes 100% gain on Big Easy property

TORONTO, Aug.25, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) – Cartier Iron Corporation (CSE: CFE) (“Cartier Iron” or the “Company”) is pleased to announce that it has commenced the planned 10,000m diamond drilling program at the Big Easy Low Sulfurization Gold-Silver Project near Clarenville, Newfoundland. Drilling will initially focus on the Central Anomaly where previous drilling (see June 8, 2021 press release) confirmed a large zone of silicification up to 200m wide with epithermal gold and silver mineralization. This additional drilling will make it possible to explore more in depth this very promising zone which extends for at least 600 m laterally. Table 1 lists the initial planned drill holes and Figure 1 shows the location of the chargeability anomaly with the planned drill holes. Drilling is also planned to test the chargeability / resistivity anomalies identified on the Sleigh Pond grid in the southern part of the property as described in the press release of June 8, 2021 and as illustrated in Figure 1. The Sleigh Pond program will likely take place in the winter of 2022. The drilling program is managed by Mercator Geological Services and drilling is performed by Logan Drilling Group.

Cartier Iron commissioned Clearview Geophysics of Brampton, Ontario to perform Controlled Magneto-telluric Audio Source (CSAMT) reconnaissance in the central anomaly – Big Easy showing area, as shown in Figure 1. The part field of this survey has been completed and the data is currently being processed. It is expected that this survey will provide further information on the depth and depth extent of potential epithermal mineralization.

Tom Larsen, CEO of Cartier Iron, said: “We are delighted to begin diamond drilling at Big Easy. Our previous work has described a number of very promising targets along extensive structures with large zones of silicification with gold-silver mineralization. With the closing of the $ 5.2 million financing on July 7, 2021, we are now well positioned to conduct an aggressive exploration program on our 100% owned Big Easy property.

Cartier Iron Chief Technical Advisor Dr. Bill Pearson, P.Geo. Said, “Preparation for the drilling program has progressed fairly quickly with all the required permits in place. We look forward to receiving the results of the CSAMT survey in the coming weeks. These will be validated against our previous geophysical and drilling results and incorporated into three-dimensional models of Big Easy mineralization to show how known targets extend at depth and potentially to produce new targets for drilling along. The direction.

CSAMT survey

CSAMT is a geophysical technique that measures the conductivity of underground materials using electromagnetic waves from a remote transmitter. Electrical and magnetic sensors are used to characterize the distortions in the flow of underground currents that result from changes in conductivity. In audio frequencies, this technique makes it possible to measure relatively resistive rocks from 250m to 1000m in depth. The Big Easy showing and central anomaly drill results suggest the epithermal system may be stronger at greater depth, which is why CSAMT was chosen to look deeper than the limit of about 200 m from previous polarization / induced resistivity (IP / Res) surveys.

Approximately 20 linear km were surveyed over twelve (12) lines spaced 200 m apart to extend coverage southward from the Big Easy showing to the IP / Res target of the central anomaly where drilling in 2018 and 2021 confirmed strong weathering and significant gold values. The silicification that accompanies the placement of gold in epithermal systems typically results in an extremely low conductivity volume that can be mapped in three dimensions using CSAMT data.

Cartier Iron completes the acquisition of a Big Easy property

Pursuant to the Big Easy Ownership Acquisition Agreement, as amended (the “Acquisition”), the Company issued the final tranche of one million common shares to the sellers of property. The issuance of shares, combined with the prior realization of the minimum required exploration expenditure of $ 2 million, fulfills all of the Company’s obligations pursuant to the acquisition, under which it holds a 100% interest. in Big Easy, the sellers hold a net 3% smelter royalty, which can be reduced to 2.5% through two-step payments totaling $ 500,000 on or before November 21, 2022.

Qualified person

Dr. Bill Pearson, P.Geo., Chief Technical Advisor for Cartier Iron and Qualified Person (“QP”) as defined in National Instrument 43-101 (“NI 43-101”), has reviewed and approved the content of this press release. The diamond drilling program will be carried out under the supervision of Peter Webster, P.Geo. geological services from Mercator. Mr. Webster is a qualified person within the meaning of NI 43-101. The CSAMT surveys were conducted by Clearview Geophysics under the direction of Joe Mihelcic, P.Eng., P.Geo., A Qualified Person under NI 43-101. Dr Chris Hale, P.Geo. and Mr. John Gilliatt, P.Geo. of Intelligent Exploration provided the survey design and will assist in the interpretation of the data processed by Clearview Geophysics. MM. Hale and Gilliatt are qualified persons within the meaning of NI 43-101. Analytical work for the diamond drilling program will be performed by Eastern Analytical Ltd. in Springdale, Newfoundland. The Company uses an industry standard QA / QC program for all analytical work.

Cartier Iron would like to thank the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador for its support for the Junior Exploration Assistance program.

Table 1: Proposed initial diamond drill holes, central anomaly target

Proposed HRD UTM E UTM N Azimuth Soak Proposed length (m)
BE-21-P1 709875.6 5346189.7 270 -55 400
BE-21-P2 709813.3 5346187.8 270 -55 350
BE-21-P3 709876.5 5346394.1 270 -55 400
BE-21-P4 709939.9 5346390.7 270 -55 500
BE-21-P5 710033.0 5346390.0 270 -55 600
BE-21-P6 709,876.3 5346497.3 270 -55 450
BE-21-P7 709775.1 5346495.8 270 -55 350
BE-21-P8 709975.0 5346498.0 270 -55 450
TOTAL 3,500

Note: Holes cannot be drilled in the order shown. The first drill hole will be BE-21-37. The kernel size will be NQ.

About Cartier Iron Corporation

Cartier Iron is an exploration and development company focused on the discovery and development of significant iron ore resources in Quebec, and a potentially significant gold property in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. The Company’s iron ore projects include the Gagnon Holdings in the southern Labrador Trough region of east-central Quebec. The Big Easy gold property is located in the epithermal gold belt of the Burin Peninsula in the Avalon zone of eastern Newfoundland.

Please visit the Cartier Iron website at www.cartieriron.com.

For more information, please contact:
Thomas G. Feedback Jorge Estepa
Chief Executive Officer Vice president
(416) 360-8006 (416) 360-8006

The CSE has not reviewed or accepts responsibility for the adequacy or accuracy of this release. Statements contained in this press release that are not historical facts are “forward-looking statements” and readers are warned this all Phone statements are not guarantees of future performance, and this real developments Where results, may vary materially of those in these “prospects declarations ”.

Figure 1: Plan map showing the locations of chargeability anomalies in the central anomaly and Sleigh Pond areas with the locations of the originally planned drill holes
https://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/f3f55766-12c1-4ebf-a785-9fc1442a3d77

PDF available: http://ml.globenewswire.com/Resource/Download/0e4b374a-c6ab-4a3f-84b9-8e5c61045784


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Explore the crystal with exotic spiral magnetism http://correlatedmagnetics.com/explore-the-crystal-with-exotic-spiral-magnetism/ Fri, 20 Aug 2021 12:57:25 +0000 http://correlatedmagnetics.com/explore-the-crystal-with-exotic-spiral-magnetism/

This “semi-metal” crystal is made up of repeating unit cells such as the one on the left, which has a square top and rectangular sides. The spheres represent atoms of silicon (purple), aluminum (turquoise) and, in gold, neodymium (Nd), the latter of which are magnetic. Understanding the special magnetic properties of the material requires nine of these unit cells, represented by the larger block on the right (which has a single unit cell framed in red). This 3 × 3 block shows green “Weyl” electrons traveling diagonally across the tops of cells and affecting the orientation of the magnetic spin of Nd atoms. A special property of the Weyl electron is the locking of its spin direction, which is either parallel or antiparallel to the direction of its motion, as represented by the small arrows in Weyl electrons. As these electrons move along the four Nd gold atoms, the Nd spins reorient themselves into a “spin spiral”, which can be imagined as pointing successively in the direction of 12 o’clock (closest viewer with the red arrow pointing up), 4 o ‘clock (blue arrow), 8 o’clock (also in blue) and another 12 o’clock (furthest from viewer and again in red). Lines of Nd atoms extend through many layers of the crystal, providing many examples of this unusual magnetic pattern. Courtesy/N. Hanacek / NIST

NIST News:

An exotic form of magnetism has been discovered and linked to an equally exotic type of electrons, according to scientists who analyzed a new crystal in which they appear at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).

Magnetism is created and protected by the crystal’s unique electronic structure, providing a mechanism that could be exploited for fast and robust information storage devices.

The newly invented material has an unusual structure that conducts electricity but causes the flowing electrons to behave like massless particles, the magnetism of which is related to the direction of their movement. In other materials, such Weyl electrons have given rise to new behaviors related to electrical conductivity. In this case, however, the electrons promote the spontaneous formation of a magnetic spiral.

“Our research shows a rare example of these particles causing collective magnetism,” said Collin Broholm, a physicist at Johns Hopkins University who led experimental work at the NIST Center for Neutron Research (NCNR). “Our experiment illustrates a unique form of magnetism that can originate from Weyl electrons.”

The conclusions, which appear in Natural materials, reveal a complex relationship between the material, the electrons that flow through it as current, and the magnetism that the material exhibits.

In a refrigerator magnet, we sometimes imagine each of its iron atoms as being pierced with a bar magnet with its “north” pole pointing in a certain direction. This image refers to the spin orientations of atoms, which line up in parallel. The material studied by the team is different. It is a “semi-metal” composed of silicon and the metals aluminum and neodymium.

Together, these three elements form a crystal, which implies that its component atoms are arranged in a regular repeating pattern. However, it is a crystal that breaks inversion symmetry, meaning that the repeating pattern is different on one side of the unit cells of a crystal – the smallest building block in a crystal lattice – from the other. This arrangement stabilizes the electrons flowing through the crystal, which in turn causes unusual behavior in its magnetism.

The stability of electrons is manifested by uniformity in the direction of their spins. In most electrically conductive materials, such as copper wire, the electrons passing through the wire have spins that point in random directions. This is not the case in the semi-metal, whose broken symmetry transforms the flowing electrons into Weyl electrons whose spins are oriented either in the direction of movement of the electron, or in the exact opposite direction. . It is this locking of the spins of the Weyl electrons in their direction of motion – their momentum – that causes the rare magnetic behavior of the semi-metal.

“Our experiment illustrates a unique form of magnetism that can originate from Weyl electrons,” Broholm said.

The three types of atoms in material all conduct electricity, providing stepping stones for electrons as they leap from atom to atom. However, only neodymium (Nd) atoms exhibit magnetism. They are sensitive to the influence of Weyl electrons, which curiously push the spins of the Nd atom. Look along any row of Nd atoms that runs diagonally across the semi-metal, and you’ll see what the research team calls a “spinning spiral.”

“A simplified way to imagine it is for the first Nd atom to point at 12 o’clock, then the next at 4 o’clock, then the third at 8 o’clock,” Broholm said. “Then the pattern repeats. This beautiful spin “texture” is driven by Weyl electrons when they visit neighboring Nd atoms. “

It took a collaboration between many groups within the Institute for Quantum Matter at Johns Hopkins University to reveal the special magnetism appearing in the crystal. It included groups working on crystal synthesis, sophisticated numerical calculations, and neutron scattering experiments.

“For neutron scattering, we have benefited greatly from the large amount of neutron diffraction beam time available to us at the NIST Center for Neutron Research,” said Jonathan Gaudet, one of the co-authors of the article. . “Without the beam time, we would have missed out on this great physical news.”

Each loop of the spinning spiral is approximately 150 nanometers long, and the spirals only appear at cold temperatures below 7 K. Broholm said that there are materials with similar physical properties that work at room temperature. , and that they could be exploited to create effective magnetic properties. memory devices.

“Magnetic memory technology like hard drives generally requires you to create a magnetic field for them to work,” he said. “With this class of materials, you can store information without needing to apply or sense a magnetic field. Reading and writing information electrically is faster and more robust.

Understanding the effects Weyl electrons cause could also shed light on other materials that have left physicists in consternation.

“Basically, we might be able to create a variety of materials that have different internal rotational characteristics – and maybe we already have it,” Broholm said. “As a community, we have created a lot of magnetic structures that we don’t immediately understand. After seeing the special character of Weyl-mediated magnetism, we may finally be able to understand and use such exotic magnetic structures. ”

Study data was obtained in part with the multi-axis crystal spectrometer (MAC), which is part of the High Resolution Neutron Scattering Center (CHRN), a national user facility jointly funded by the NCNR and the National Science Foundation (NSF).


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Scientists discover crystal with exotic spiral magnetism http://correlatedmagnetics.com/scientists-discover-crystal-with-exotic-spiral-magnetism/ Thu, 19 Aug 2021 16:06:31 +0000 http://correlatedmagnetics.com/scientists-discover-crystal-with-exotic-spiral-magnetism/

This “semi-metal” crystal is made up of repeating unit cells such as the one on the left, which has a square top and rectangular sides. The spheres represent atoms of silicon (purple), aluminum (turquoise) and, in gold, neodymium (Nd), the latter of which are magnetic. Understanding the special magnetic properties of the material requires nine of these unit cells, represented by the larger block on the right (which has a single unit cell framed in red). This 3×3 block shows green “Weyl” electrons traveling diagonally across the tops of cells and affecting the orientation of the magnetic spin of Nd atoms. A special property of the Weyl electron is the locking of its spin direction, which is either parallel or antiparallel to the direction of its motion, as represented by the small arrows in Weyl electrons. As these electrons move along the four Nd gold atoms, the Nd spins reorient themselves into a “spin spiral” which can be imagined as successively pointing in the 12 o’clock direction (closest to the viewer with the red arrow pointing up), 4 o’clock clock (blue arrow), 8 o’clock (also in blue) and another 12 o’clock (furthest from viewer and again in red). Lines of Nd atoms extend through many layers of the crystal, providing many examples of this unusual magnetic pattern. Credit: N. Hanacek / NIST

An exotic form of magnetism has been discovered and linked to an equally exotic type of electrons, according to scientists who analyzed a new crystal in which they appear at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Magnetism is created and protected by the crystal’s unique electronic structure, providing a mechanism that could be exploited for fast and robust information storage devices.

The newly invented material has an unusual structure that conducts electricity but causes the flowing electrons to behave like massless particles, the magnetism of which is related to the direction of their movement. In other materials, these Weyl electrons have given rise to new behaviors related to electrical conductivity. In this case, however, the electrons promote the spontaneous formation of a magnetic spiral.

“Our research shows a rare example of these particles causing collective magnetism,” said Collin Broholm, a physicist at Johns Hopkins University who led experimental work at the NIST Center for Neutron Research (NCNR). “Our experiment illustrates a unique form of magnetism that can originate from Weyl electrons.”

The conclusions, which appear in Natural materials, reveal a complex relationship between the material, the electrons which pass through it in the form of current and the magnetism exhibited by the material.

In a fridge magnet, we sometimes imagine each of its iron atoms as having a bar magnet piercing it with its “north” pole pointing in a certain direction. This image refers to the spin orientations of atoms, which line up in parallel. The material studied by the team is different. It is a “semi-metal” composed of silicon and the metals aluminum and neodymium. Together, these three elements form a crystal, which implies that its component atoms are arranged in a regular repeating pattern. However, it is a crystal that breaks inversion symmetry, which means that the repeating pattern is different on one side of the unit cells of a crystal – the smallest building block of a crystal lattice – than it is on one side. ‘other. This arrangement stabilizes the electrons flowing through the crystal, which in turn results in unusual behavior in its magnetism.

The stability of electrons is manifested by uniformity in the direction of their spins. In most electrically conductive materials, such as copper wire, the electrons passing through the wire have spins that point in random directions. This is not the case in the semi-metal, whose broken symmetry transforms the flowing electrons into Weyl electrons whose spins are oriented either in the direction of movement of the electron, or in the exact opposite direction. . It is this locking of the spins of Weyl electrons in their direction of motion – their momentum – that causes the rare magnetic behavior of the semi-metal.

The three types of atoms in material all conduct electricity, providing stepping stones for electrons as they leap from atom to atom. However, only neodymium (Nd) atoms exhibit magnetism. They are sensitive to the influence of Weyl electrons, which curiously push the spins of the Nd atom. Look along any row of Nd atoms that runs diagonally across the semi-metal, and you’ll see what the research team calls a “spinning spiral.”

“A simplified way to imagine it is for the first Nd atom to point at 12 o’clock, then the next at 4 o’clock, then the third at 8 o’clock,” Broholm said. “Then the pattern repeats. This beautiful spin ‘texture’ is driven by Weyl electrons as they visit neighboring Nd atoms.”

It took a collaboration between many groups within the Institute for Quantum Matter at Johns Hopkins University to reveal the special magnetism appearing in the crystal. It included groups working on crystal synthesis, sophisticated numerical calculations, and neutron scattering experiments.

“For neutron scattering, we have benefited greatly from the large amount of neutron diffraction beam time available to us at the NIST Center for Neutron Research,” said Jonathan Gaudet, one of the co-authors of the article. . “Without the beam time, we would have missed out on this great physical news.”

Each loop of the spinning spiral is approximately 150 nanometers long, and the spirals only appear at cold temperatures below 7 K. Broholm said that there are materials with similar physical properties that work at room temperature. , and that they could be exploited to create effective magnetic properties. memory devices.

“Magnetic memory technology like hard drives typically requires you to create a magnetic field for them to work,” he said. “With this class of materials, you can store information without the need to apply or sense a magnetic field. Electrical reading and writing of information is faster and more robust.”

Understanding the effects Weyl electrons cause could also shed light on other materials that have left physicists in consternation.

“Basically, we might be able to create a variety of materials that have different internal rotational characteristics – and maybe we already have it,” Broholm said. “As a community, we have created many magnetic structures that we do not immediately understand. Having seen the special character of Weyl-mediated magnetism, we may finally be able to understand and use such exotic magnetic structures.”


Discovery of a new quantum material


More information:
Gaudet, J. et al. Weyl-mediated helical magnetism in NdAlSi. Nat. Mater. (2021). doi.org/10.1038/s41563-021-01062-8 , www.nature.com/articles/s41563-021-01062-8

Provided by the National Institute of Standards and Technology


Quote: Scientists discover crystal with exotic spiral magnetism (2021, August 19) retrieved August 22, 2021 from https://phys.org/news/2021-08-scientists-crystal-exotic-spiral-magnetism.html

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Neolithic stone reveals ancient secret of magnetism http://correlatedmagnetics.com/neolithic-stone-reveals-ancient-secret-of-magnetism/ Mon, 16 Aug 2021 19:00:25 +0000 http://correlatedmagnetics.com/neolithic-stone-reveals-ancient-secret-of-magnetism/

Reach the cosmos with invisible tendrils, the magnetism is both worldly and worldly.

These forces can pin a photo on your fridge or even rise up from the Earth’s poles to fight against the solar wind, and now a new study published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences shows that magnetism can also help us study the past.

Like fingerprints left on glass, pieces of clay or stone retain in them the memory of the terrestrial magnetism of a long time ago. And now scientists have found a way to reveal these secrets inside pieces of flint, one of the most common materials in history. This includes the oldest magnetic intensity data from the Levant region to date.

Lisa Ratee is professor of paleomagnetics at the University of California at San Diego and co-author of the new study. In addition to helping future researchers date historic sites in the Levant, studying the magnetism of these materials may also help researchers study what Ratee calls a “roller coaster” of magnetic activity on ancient Earth specific to the Levant region, the location of present-day Jordan.

“Our oldest specimens suggest field strengths of around two-thirds of our current field,” says Ratee Reverse. “Then the field grew until about 3,000 years ago, when it was about twice as large as it is today. Since then it has fallen on a roller coaster ride to the terrain today.

This roller coaster ride is known to scientists as the “Levantine Iron Age Anomaly”. Studying such magnetic events may even help us in our own climate change crusade, other research has suggested.

A photo of one of the team’s archaeological sites – Wadi Fidan 01 – in the Arabah Valley, Jordan.Thomas E. Levy

What’s new – While the study of ancient magnetism may not be a household name like carbon dating, Ratee says the technique is far from new. In the past, it was mainly used to study pieces of pottery. This is because pottery is fired at temperatures high enough to take this electromagnetic imprint – or “residual thermal magnetization”.

“When something cools in a magnetic field, it becomes magnetic with a force proportional to the field in which it has cooled,” says Ratee.

However, relying on pottery shards as the sole source of RMR can be uncertain, especially when trying to explore pre-pottery civilizations. That is why Ratee and his colleagues instead focused on a more ubiquitous material: flint.

While flint was not always heated by ancient civilizations, it was sometimes heated to make it easier to break and form specific shapes, like the tip of a spear.Shutterstock

Typically, flint would not be considered useful at all, Ratee says, because it is not always heated before being used as pottery. However, in this study, they developed a method to first determine whether or not flint samples were fired, and then applied the same analysis typically used on pottery to study its magnetism.

Ratee says this new approach means the team does not “have to waste their time in the future on flints that have never been fired.”

Why is this important – Incorporating flint into the catalog of paleomagnetism could help scientists not only better study the Levantine anomaly, but potentially even better understand the life of these civilizations in general, including their way of eating.

These sites are “important for understanding a number of issues in global archeology,” write the authors. “Including the origins of the village as a type of settlement, the domestication of plants and animals and the rise of the Mediterranean diet.”

Pottery is a great source for paleomagnetic research, but it tells us nothing about pre-pottery societies. Focusing on the flint instead might change that.Thomas Barwick / DigitalVision / Getty Images

How they did it – In their analysis, the team examined 129 flint samples from archaeological sites across modern Jordan dating between 7752 and 5069 BCE.

To determine the intensity of their magnetism, they used something called the IZZI protocol which essentially requires heating samples and comparing the strength of their magnetic fields with the current magnetism of the Earth.

By comparing the magnetism of these samples to known levels of magnetism throughout history, this technique can then be used in the same way as carbon dating.

And after – With the door now open to the use of flint worldwide as a record of ancient magnetism, the next steps in this research will be to build a more solid idea of ​​how magnetism has changed in other parts of the world, Ratee explains.

“In the Middle East, we have a really good idea of ​​what the estate has done in the past,” says Ratee. “The archaeomagnetic community is working to improve records around the world so that they can be applied with increasing confidence elsewhere.”

Ratee’s focus is initially on the Southwestern United States and Southeast Asia.

Abstract: The limitation of the secular variation of the strength of the Earth’s magnetic field in the past is fundamental to understanding the short-term processes of geodynamics. Such records are also a powerful and independent dating tool for archaeological sites and geological formations. In this study, we present 11 robust archaeointensity results from pre-pottery to Jordanian Neolithic pottery that are based on clay and flint (chert) artifacts. Two of these results constitute the oldest archaeointensity data for the entire Levant, ancient Egypt, Turkey and Mesopotamia, extending the archaeomagnetic reference curve for the Holocene. Virtual Axial Dipole Moments (VADM) show that the Earth’s magnetic field in the southern Levant was weak (about two-thirds of the current field) around 7600 BCE, regaining strength to a level higher than the current field around 7000 BCE. , and gradually weakening again around 5200 BCE. In addition, convincing results obtained from burnt flint demonstrate the potential of this very common material, yet rarely used, in archaeomagnetic research, in particular for prehistoric periods ranging from the first use of fire to the invention of pottery.


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Best Places to Find Lodestone Ore http://correlatedmagnetics.com/best-places-to-find-lodestone-ore/ Sat, 14 Aug 2021 07:00:00 +0000 http://correlatedmagnetics.com/best-places-to-find-lodestone-ore/

Lodestone bricks are used to craft many different setting orbs needed to access New World Expeditions. Here’s where to find Lodestone Ore.


Magnetite Ore and Cutlass Keys Map Location

Quick links

Lodestone Ore is a level four resource and requires mining level 105 before you can collect it. It’s also arguably one of the most important resources in the New World, as its refined form, Lodestone Bricks, is used to craft various setting orbs to access endgame expeditions.

RELATED: New World: Where To Find Fae Iron

Lodestone is mainly found in the northern areas of the map, around Great Cleave and Mourningdale. This little guide lists some of the best places to mine for ore, as well as what you can do with them once you’ve got it all together.

As a reminder, these locations are subject to change with the full release of the game (the map is supposed to grow), but we’ll update with any new information.

The best places to find Lodestone

There are several decent locations to find Lodestone, spread all over the map. The highest concentrations are found in Great Cleave, Mourningdale, Weaver’s Fen, and south to Cutlass Keys. Here are some of our favorite places.

Great Cleave – Nullcavity and Catara Falls

Nullcavity and Catara Falls, north of Great Cleave, have several Lodestone nodes dotted around. Nullcavity spawns corrupt enemies around level 50, while Catara Falls spawns ancient enemies around level 44.

Magnetite Ore - Great Cleave

Deuildale

There are a few different places to mine Lodestone in Mourningdale, but our favorite has to be this short section of road to the west of the region. It’s right on the short rocky area of ​​the path west of Menkar and Subra. You can simply mine Lodestone by walking through this area. We haven’t met a lot of other players at that particular location.

RELATED: New World: Which Faction Is Better?

Lodestone - Mourningdale

Everfall – Ginger Hovel

This is an area where you can mine Lodestone in relative peace, especially if you’re at a higher level. The enemies here are all beasts at the start of level 20, which is a lot easier to deal with than some of the creatures in the north. The Ginger Hovel is located in the southeastern part of Everfall, shown below.

Everfall - Magnetite Ore

Cutlass Keys – Spiti Ruins

Along the rocky base of the ruins of Spiti there are several Lodestone nodes spread over a large area. While not directly inside an enemy spawn area, there are some higher-level ancient enemies here (between levels 30 and 40.) It wasn’t a particularly common location for the Lodestone mining during beta.

Cutlass Keys - Magnetite Ore

What can you do with Lodestone?

The magnetite ore is refined into magnetite bricks, which are then used to craft these setting orbs for expeditions:

  • Depth Adjustment Orb – used to access The Depths Expedition
  • Eridanus Tuning Orb – used to access the Eridanus Caverns expedition
  • Monoic tuning orb – used to access the Monoic Rift located in Edengrove
  • Mermaid tuning orb – used to access the arena from the mermaid stand

Each of these can require up to 50+ magnetite bricks, which means you’ll have to mine a lot of ore, especially if you frequently repeat expeditions to farm material. You will also need corrupt money.

NEXT: New World: Best Build For A Quick Level


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